Deputy Country Director WFP
the world, More than 250 million people are affected
by natural disasters every year. Disaster hits all countries,
rich and poor. But it is the poor people who usually suffer
the most. Because the poor live in unprotected or dangerous
environments and they are less skilled to cope better with
any sorts of natural hazards most often they can't bounce
back quickly from accessing into the adversities and vulnerabilities.
Their way of normal functioning gets hampered resulting in
a dramatic social degradation and national problems as well.
On the other hand Bangladesh is a developing country but accordance
to the density of population it is big threat for the society,
community, and also in Bangladesh. It is overlook that most
of the people are living under ignorance which affects fall
in our economy and also individual life.
The aim of the project is to enhance access
of the hardcore poor families and their children into quality
education as well as quality health system. A quality education
can remove poverty, deprivation, de-humanization, injustices
and violence from the existing society they are living in.
Therefore providing institutional facilities the target children
may be facilitated with prevention of malnutrition, deprivation
and drop out from school.
On 15 November 2007 the devastating
Sidr caused enormous destruction to the nature and assets
of the project areas. A large number of people had been displaced
from their areas causing millions of people homeless and asset
less. The most sufferers were mothers, children and elderly
of the hardcore poor families. Most primary school children
uses to come to school with empty stomach /without breakfast
as most families live hand to mouth depending on sale of their
physical labor per day. They even cannot sell their labor
daily. Their daily income is less than US$ 1.00 per day. So,
they cannot arrange three times meal a day due to their extreme
poverty. When children are hungry, they suffer severe malnutrition
that prevents children's attention for education.
Therefore, in order to make
sustainable change into the affected communities in an effective
and efficient manner, the proposed project aims at facilitating
enhanced access of the target children into quality education
as well as quality health care services.
At Present 311959 students are
getting 1 packet (7.5g) High Energetic Biscuits per school
days, they were under malnutrition and also they were being
deprived from the beginning of their education life. At present
RRF are monitoring2187 schools in 1710 village 126 union and
14 Upazillas of Potuakhali, Barisal, Pirojpur & Bagerhat
districts. Apart from this, RRF has been playing a role of
reporting and monitoring of these areas
At the outset of the project, the staffs of RRF surveyed the
project areas as well as the schools in order to assess baseline
information in terms of the needs (HEBs) and nutritional status
of the final beneficiaries. The internal higher management
of RRF as the Executive director, Deputy Executive Director
and project coordinator supervised the all over survey activities.
The staffs of RRF worked with a team building approach to
attain the qualitative and quantitative standards of the project
in an effective and efficient manner. The higher management
is consistently concerned about decision making of the activities
implemented. A two-way information flow system has been developed
to carry out activities in terms of constraints and limitations.
Meeting for the Proper implementation
The implementation arrangement
includes achieving maximum benefit for the children by cost
effective delivery services, strengthening local institutions
& local leadership to run this project. The following
category of schools will fall under this program:
Non-Government Primary Schools
A beneficiary school
is being selected by WFP with the assistance of local administration
and the local Primary Education Officer.
management of the school is being requested to maintain minimum
operational standards to remain within the School Feeding
Program. Such standards will include minimal infrastructure
facilities (e.g. adequate and safe storage space, satisfactory
hygienic/sanitation conditions, and access to drinking water
source) and suitable teaching environment (e.g. presence of
teachers, reasonable pupils/teachers ratio, and available
schooling materials. Each child attending to classes will
receive 75 grams of biscuits at early hour school on school
day only. Children not attending school will not receive biscuits.
The distribution process of the
HEBs includes transferring HEB first in the warehouses of
the district level within the first week of every month, then
from the mother schools at the union level all schools collect
those. Afterwards the children are fed from there. The delivery
team will be comprised of 1 Project Coordinator, 4 District
Coordinator, 1 Accountant cum computer Operator and 35 Monitors
who will remain responsible for delivery of HEB to schools
and Monitor schools by monthly basis i.e. 2 times a month
of a school. RRF will deliver HEB to the selected schools
only (list given by DPEO).
The effects of attendance and
attentiveness enhanced positively by the intervention of FFE
programs. In the year of 2009 the average attendance of the
schools found 89% which is (89-56)33% higher than the beginning
period. It has been observed that the drop-out children have
returned to the school again. The teachers are anticipating
that the attendance will be increased more than the present
within few days.
Overall mission of the project includes encouragement and
improvement of quality education, nutritional status and continuous
school attendance for Primary School Children. WFP is in the
forefront in promoting education of vulnerable children (esp.
girls). The immediate objectives of the project are: To encourage
continued school attendance & to prevent a recurrence
of the surge of malnutrition rates
the Enrollment rate to the primary schools.
the attendance rate of the students at school.
the drop out rate of the students from school.
To help the
students concentrate to study.
nutrition's food for their better growth avoiding malnutrition
Under this program Rural Reconstruction Foundation distribute
High Energy Biscuits during school hour to 311959 students of
2187 primary schools of 14 upzillas in 04 districts.
- Each present student is provided
with 75 gms HEB that contain vitamin and Iodized salt.
- Mixed with Vitamin /Mineral premixes
to 999 kgs of biscuits.
- These biscuits recover 75% of
vitamin and Iodized salt to the students of their daily needs.
- Among the schools Government,
Registered, Community is the main ones.
- The target of this program is
to ensure "Education for all'' and in the same time to
nsure quality education.
- High Energy Biscuits = HEB
Enrollment of Beneficiaries and Utilization
got way to brighten her life with the education
Das a Poor helpless and unprivileged girl of a family
in Pirojpur district, Zianagar upzila parerhat union . When its
start getting dusk around the Natural disasters like ''SIDR"
appears to them like life threatening forces. Like this on last
15th November ,2007 a terrible cyclone blown over them at midnight.
Songita Das's house cattle's and other be longest were not spaced
from this cyclone ''SIDR" all of their properties were washed
away into the river. At last they had to take shelter on the government
Das's father is Milon Chandro Das. His livelihood depends
on messenger in the tea stall. Her's mother Dipali Rani Das sell
Chanachur door to door. She is the third child of her five siblings.
She is reading in grade 5 at 10 No Parerhat government primary
school. Songita Das's one sister and one brother.
Now time when she goes to school then call others for going to
school. They are suffering many diseases of mal-nutrition.
After the ''SDIR"
for lack of food Songita Das can't continue her
schooling. In such condition, the World Food Program stats to
distribute biscuits through the RRF at the Government, Registers
and Community Primary School of Zia Nagar Upazila. To have this
benefit Songita Das's starts her schooling and
being attentive. Her mal-nutrition starts to get removed. She
starts to become healthy. Now she dreams to be someone big in
the future with the supports of other Organizations.
Most often, the
need is for a period of more than one "cycle" of children.
WFP works in the poorest areas of the world's most vulnerable
countries. One basic education cycle is not enough to ensure a
level of economic and social development where external assistance
is no longer required to sustain the education system.
From the past experience
it has been observed that if the community is animated with sustainable
and need based interventions of project in an effective and efficient
manner the beneficiaries in terms of goal and objectives can be
changed by themselves.